English long summary problem! Tips and countermeasures for solvingAugust 21, 2022
Long English questions cover various topics.
Frequently asked themes deal with economics, society, science, culture, and medical care (health).
If you have some background knowledge, you will be able to understand the content even if you do not understand the meaning of some words that you do not know, and your reading comprehension will improve.
Therefore, it is important to keep in touch with news, newspaper articles, dissertations, magazines, etc. on a daily basis, collect a lot of information, and keep up with the latest trends.
In the entrance examinations of the Faculty of Letters and universities with high deviation values, the question is often asked to summarize the outline of the sentence in a long question format and to hold down the points of the author’s point of view.
Complete the summarized article or sentence by putting the appropriate words and expressions in the void.
The summary is Summary in English, and the reading is a summary.
Therefore, when choosing an appropriate phrase according to the opinion developed by the author, we recommend a study method in which the subject, assertion, and conclusion of the passage are suppressed.
The key to practicing long reading comprehension and taking measures is to grasp the context before and after the vacant space and answer. We will solve many problem books and prepare for the exam so that you can get used to the procedure and format.
It is also important to strengthen your vocabulary for long sentences, so if you come across a word or phrase you do not know, write down the English words and look up the meaning in the dictionary.
Trends and countermeasures for long summary problems
Tips on how to solve a summary problem
When you complete a sentence that looks like a summary, you basically complete an excerpt from the original English sentence. There is also the problem of distinguishing part of speech, such as nouns and verbs, from a partially quoted sentence.
In the original English sentence summarized and the completed tables, figures, and sentences, pay attention to the time series and tense of the beginning and end of the sentence so that the story is consistent.
The next time you complete the English sentence, pay attention to whether it makes sense and whether you answer the given question exactly.
For example , in the case of “Please answer within 3 letters”, be careful if you answer within 3 letters according to the series of instructions.
If you choose to answer from a list, choose the appropriate vocabulary or phrase from that list.
Next, pay attention to the time allocation.
When you have a problem that you don’t understand, if you worry about it forever, the time will pass quickly and you will not be able to read all the problems.
So don’t spend too much time on one problem.
The summary question is a concise summary of the original sentence. Therefore, you may not be using the same vocabulary repeatedly.
We use synonyms, words with similar meanings, and paraphrases with synonyms.
Make an effort to improve your English proficiency by using dictionaries and reference books on a daily basis.
Many problem sentences are accompanied by explanations, and they cover a wide range of processes, series of events, memos, tables, flowcharts, and so on.
The answer is in the original text, but it’s scattered throughout the passage, so you’ll need the skills you need to gather information.
The greatest skill required to solve a long sentence problem is how quickly you can find the information required by the problem, the speed of reading the information, and the ability to read.
It is also important to acquire a lot of background knowledge in order to develop that power.
If you read it in Japanese, you will not understand it in English. At that time, skimming that reads the whole quickly is required.
Skimming is the skill to read the whole sentence quickly, and it is the ability to grasp the structure of the whole English sentence and read the outline of the topic.
You will also need the skills to find specific information when reading quickly, such as for long sentences.
Specifically, the ability to find dates, numbers, names, etc. is called Scanning .
This is common advice for long sentences, but skimming to get a rough outline of the sentence.
Then take a look at the introductory paragraph that is the subject of the entire passage, the body paragraph that supports the subject, and the conclusion paragraph that is a summary of the entire passage.
With the above procedure, first skimming to get an overview of the whole sentence, and then grasp the contents of each paragraph.
Pay particular attention to the words that appear repeatedly in a sentence, as they often outline the topic of the paragraph and serve as a guide for exploring the subject (topic sentence).
The headline of the question sentence may be an important hint when finding the answer. And when reading a long sentence, it is easier to understand if you proceed with the work while organizing “when, where, who, what, how” and so on.
For problems such as papers, the author is often a researcher or scientist, so if you circle the person’s name and check his claim with an underline etc., he will look back later. It will be easy to understand when you do.
Pay attention to the surrounding words in the question of answering the part of speech.
For example, it can be predicted that the be verb will be followed by an adjective, a noun, or the past participle of the verb.
Knowledge of grammar makes it relatively easy to derive answers from context.
Even if you don’t know a word, you can narrow down the appropriate answer in this way.
Also, pay attention to the connected words and the flow of the story that connect the sentences.