Indian education system
Indian education system, the second central scheme is the Indian Secondary Education Certification (ICSE). This seems to have started in place of the Cambridge School Accreditation. The main purpose of this conference was to consider replacing the overseas Cambridge School Certification Exam with one unique to India. In October 1956, at a meeting of the Interstate Committee for the Education of British Residents in India, he operated the University of Cambridge Accreditation Organization in India and will do his best to adopt examinations to meet national needs. A proposal was adopted to establish a council to ask for it. The first meeting of the council was held on November 3, 1958. In December 1967, group registration was made under the Group Registration Act of 1860. The Council is listed in the Delhi School Education Act of 1973 as one of the organizations conducting public examinations. Today, many schools in the country are members of the council. All of these are private schools and are generally attended by children from wealthy families.
Both CBSE and ISCE committees will take exams at affiliated schools in the country at the end of the 10th year (after graduating from higher education) and at the end of the 12th year (after graduating from higher education). Admission to 11th grade is usually based on the results of this national exam. Since this examination system puts a burden on children who are trying to get good grades, it was suggested that the 10th year examination should be eliminated.
Apart from the above, there are a relatively small number of schools that follow overseas curriculum such as the so-called Senior Cambridge. However, many have been replaced by the ICSE style. Some of these schools also offer students the opportunity to take the ICSE exam. Also, it is often a very expensive boarding school, and Indians on overseas assignments may send their children. In general, it has a great infrastructure, a low student-to-teacher ratio, and a very small number of students. We also have many foreign teachers. There are also upstream schools, such as the Dawn School in Dehradun, which also accept a small number of students and incur tremendous costs.
Apart from any of the above, schools such as Andrapradesh’s Richardy School, which seeks to break away from the usual educational system that promotes memorization learning and implement an innovative system such as the Montessori Education Law, are in the country. There are a few in. Most of these schools have high tuition fees, a high ratio of teachers to students, and provide a learning environment where children can learn at their own pace. It would be interesting and informative to investigate how this type of school affected the lives of graduates.
Each state in the country has its own education department, where the school system, including textbooks and evaluation systems, is operated individually. As mentioned earlier, the curriculum, teaching methods and assessment methods are primarily set by the state SCERT, which adheres to the national guidelines set by the NCERT.
Each state has three different schools and follows the state curriculum. The government runs schools on its own land and buildings, and pays staff from the budget. These are commonly known as public schools . Tuition fees are extremely low at these schools. Second, there is a private school, which is run on private land and buildings. Here, the tuition fee is high, and the teacher’s salary is paid in the management. Such schools are usually aimed at middle-class families in urban areas. The third is government subsidies, which were initiated by private institutions on their land and buildings. Subsidies are intended to help reduce school fees and allow poor families to send their children to school. In some states like Kerala, these private schools are very similar to public schools, with teachers paid by the government and tuition fees similar to those of public schools.
Case of Kerala
Kerala is a small state on the southwest coast of India that has taken many different steps over the last few decades from the rest of the country. For example, it has the highest literacy rate of all states and made its first declaration about 10 years ago as a fully readable and writable state. Both men and women have a very long life span, which is close to that of developed countries. The birth rate and infant / child mortality rate are among the highest, if not the highest in the country. The birth rate has also fallen below 2.1, the birth rate required to maintain the population, for the last 20 years. Perhaps as a side effect of economic and social development, suicide rates and alcoholics are very high. Government policy is also quite different from the rest of the country, with a developmental model of high spending on education and welfare in Kerala, known by economists as the “Kerala model”.
Kerala is also always interested in trying out different ways to improve the school education system. Every time NCERT came up with a new idea, it was Kerala that first tried it. Despite opposition from various districts, the state was happy to try the Local Primary Education Program (DPEP) and even adopted it in grades above primary education. It is also the first state in the country to shift from traditional activist educational methods to a social constructivist paradigm. This paradigm was mentioned in the 2000 NCERT National Curriculum Framework, but the state of Kerala began trials shortly the following year. This has changed the way we interact and evaluate in the classroom. Instead of direct questions that can only be answered by memorizing the lesson, indirect and inconclusive questions are introduced, students have to think before answering, and the answers are somewhat subjective. It became a wax. In other words, students are required to summarize what they have learned and use their knowledge to answer questions under certain circumstances. At the same time, new techniques have relieved a lot of pressure and children have come to find the exam interesting and enjoyable rather than stressful. A Comprehensive Continuing Assessment (CCE) system has also been introduced to reduce the weight of one-time final exams, taking into account the student’s overall personality when deciding to advance to the next grade. .. Currently, CBSE is also implementing CCE, but it is more flexible.
Kerala is also the first state in the country to incorporate information technology as a high school course. In 8th grade, it started with an introductory book on Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Office. However, less than a year later, the government was forced to incorporate free software into its curriculum, partly due to opposition from supporters of free software and the support of the School Teachers’ Federation, which was the majority of public teachers at the time. .. Since 2007, schools have only taught GNU / Linux, and all schools have only GNU / Linux installed. At that time, and perhaps even now, it was the largest installation of GNU / Linux in schools, making it news of foreign countries. Since 2007, approximately 500,000 children who have learned the concept of free software and the GNU / Linux operating system and applications have graduated from school each year.